Český Krumlov est classé patrimoine mondial par l’UNESCO depuis 1992 grâce à ses constructions médiévales uniques. Venez découvrir cette zone urbaine unique datant en grande partie du XVIe siècle et le vaste site du château fort et du château, qui est le deuxième le plus grand en République tchèque après le château de Prague. Le siège historique de la famille Rožmberk comprend une variété de bâtiments du château, la célèbre salle des masques, un théâtre baroque unique qui a été rouvert au public récemment, le jardin du château avec une fontaine rococo et la résidence d’été Bellaria avec un auditorium rotatif qui sert de scène de spectacles de théâtre pendant la belle saison. La cathédrale Saint-Guy, œuvre remarquable de l’art gothique en Bohème du Sud, domine la ville.
Interesting facts about Český Krumlov:
Český Krumlov State Castle and Château
Český Krumlov State Castle and Château, the second largest castle and château complex in the Czech Republic, is one of the most important monuments in Central Europe and forms one of the city's main landmarks.
Five-Petalled Rose Festival
The time of the summer solstice is a great celebration of the Renaissance in Český Krumlov. You can return to the reigning time of the Lords of Rožmberk and enjoy the atmosphere of the celebrating town during the Five-Petalled Rose Festival.
On the weekend closest to the summer solstice the traditional historical festivities, one of the biggest festivals of its kind in Europe, take over the Old Town of Český Krumlov. The town returns to the Renaissance, its most glorious era, and recalls the glory of the five-petalled rose. Period music is heard everywhere, there are historical sword fights, performances by jugglers, jokers and fakirs, a variety of theatre and dance performances, children and adults can play period games, and market traders offer their wares. Visitors can also see jousting shows and horse-work demonstrations.
The atmosphere of the time is perfectly evoked by the spectacular parades from the Gothic and Renaissance periods. Several hundred costumed characters provide an unforgettable experience: nobles, townspeople, musicians, jugglers, knights on horseback, craftsmen and other characters associated with the town. The night fire parades with their magical fire formations and light magic are expecially impressive.
Castle Baroque Theatre
The Castle Baroque Theatre is one of the world’s most important theatre monuments. It includes the original theatre building, orchestra pit, stage, and machinery, as well as sets of preserved theatre costumes and costume accessories, decorations, props, and lighting equipment.
The Baroque Theatre at Český Krumlov Castle represents one of the oldest preserved castle-type theatres in Central Europe and one of the most comprehensively preserved Baroque theatres in the world.
The Monastery Museum is set in the former convent of the Minorites and features a permanent exhibition on life and art in the monasteries of Český Krumlov.
The modern museum exhibition consists of
New to the exhibition are
Saint Vitus Church
The Saint Vitus Church in Český Krumlov is a significant sight of the late Gothic from 1407-1439 with later modifications. In 1995, the Church was declared part of the National Cultural Heritage.
The Church of St. Vitus is a Gothic three naval construction from the period of 1407-1439. It was built on the foundations of an older building from the year 1309. The Gothic entrance portal was erected in 1410. In the 17th and 18th centuries, the Church continued to be extended and modified.
The Church is formed by three parallel arcades merged with a five-sided elongated presbyterium; there are rectangular multistoried sacristies on both sides with the Chapels of Resurrection and the St. John of Nepomuk Chapel, and the antechamber situated on the northern side. The occidental façade of the church incorporates a tower with quadrangular Roman window openings on the landing level changing to eight-sided openings higher up. The uppermost part of the spire is pseudogothic in style, dating to 1893-1894.
Český Krumlov Synagogue
The 1909 Synagogue is the pearl of the Art Nouveau architecture of Český Krumlov with some Neo-Romanesque features. At the moment, it is used as a meeting place, and a multifunctional cultural, artistic and social space.
The Synagogue in Český Krumlov with an octagonal tower and abstemious use of Neo-Romanesque features was built in 1909 by the local Jewish community. It had only been fulfilling its purpose for 30 years when it came under the occupation of the Sudetenland in 1938. After World War II, it briefly served as a house of prayer for soldiers of the U.S. Army, later on, it was used by the Evangelic Churches and eventually, it became a storage place. In the post-war period, the site became the property of the town of Český Krumlov which returned it to the hands of the Jewish community after 1990.